Is bottled water safe, you ask? We have a bit of information for you.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA 2019) regulates bottled water with three standards, which include:
1. The standard of identity
2. The standard of quality
3. Current good manufacturing practice (CGMP).
The standard of identity refers to the source of the water, and is classified into five categories:
1. Artesian well water
2. Well water
3. Mineral water
4. Spring water
5. Municipal water. Municipal water, also known as tap water, can come from the four sources listed above, and is usually treated with a purification process such as distillation, reverse osmosis, absolute 1-micron filtration, chlorination, or ozonation.
The standard of quality and CGMP uses regulations set by the EPA and FDA on what can and cannot be in drinking water.
The FDA and EPA work closely with each other. They monitor the new standards set by the EPA, and decide whether or not the new standards are necessary for bottled water. An example of this can be found at fda.gov under the heading Ensuring Quality and Safety.
But what about the bottle itself?
You also have to think about the plastic when considering whether bottled water is safe.
It is known that bottled water contains microplastics, which are very small plastic particles less than 5 millimeters in length and come from several sources. They can come from larger pieces of plastic that have broken down over time, resin pellets used in the manufacturing of plastics, or microbeads which were added to cosmetics and cleansers including toothpaste and exfoliating washes.
According to an article in WC&P 2019, author Kelly A. Reynolds states a sample size of 250 bottles of water comprised of 11 major brands across nine countries was found 93-percent positive for some level of microplastic contamination. Research on the health effects of consuming plastics is limited at this time because it is a relatively new area of study and they are not considered highly toxic materials.
Fortunately, there is a simple way to remove microplastics from drinking water. For more information on how to remove microplastics from your drinking water please schedule an appointment here.
Reynolds, Kelly A. “Microplastics in Drinking Water.” Water Conditioning & Purification Magazine, 07/2019: vol. 61, no. 7, pg. 42-44. Print.
“Bottled Water Everywhere: Keeping it Safe.” U.S. Food and Drug Administration, FDA, 04/01/2019, https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/bottled-water-everywhere-keeping-it-safe#top